Karamoja region of Uganda is the latest recipient of FAO’s support in the livestock sub-sector in Uganda as it plays host to a three months long vaccination programme aimed at controlling livestock diseases and enhancing resilience. The programme which is implemented in conjunction with the Government of Uganda will target control and prevention of Trans-boundary Animal Diseases (TDAs) involving over two million livestock animals including cattle, goats and sheep. The intervention dubbed “Strategic livestock vaccination programme” has been informed by the fact that Karamoja region is typified by pastoral movement of livestock animals, a situation that drives the spread of TDAs especially Foot and Mouth Disease. The campaign which is funded by the United Kingdom’s Department of International Development (DFID) will see 500,000 and 240,000 cattle vaccinated against Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CBPP) and Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) respectively, 1,000,000 goats and sheep against combined Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) also known as 'goat plague' and Sheep/Goat Pox, and 400,000 goats against Contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia (CCPP) by the end of December, 2015. The programme is expected to reinforce resilience of the already fragile region which is host to a big percentage of the national livestock herd and whose livelihoods heavily depend on livestock.