Input price escalation tends to hinder smallholder farmers inclusiveness in the value chain.
Input price escalation tends to hinder smallholder farmers inclusiveness in the value chain. Kenya farmers have started formulating their own animal food composition due to rising costs of feed prices. Some of the ingredients used include maize bran, wheat pollard, sunflower seeds and fishmeal. For example, a 50kg bag of chick mash is sold in Nairobi at an average of $33 while growers mash and layers mash go for $26. On the contrary, it costs $18 for a Kenyan small farmer to produce his/her own 50kg bag of layers mash using similar ingredients. However, making own feeds is not good enough to significantly bring down the cost of production for Kenya's poultry farmers. Many are now adopting in droves the semi-intensive system as they embrace indigenous (kienyeji) breeds. Under the system, the birds are allowed several hours every day to roam the compound and forage for feeds..